Bed Bug FAQ
How is B R Pro Services different?
What are bed bugs?
How did I get bed bugs?
How to get rid of bed bugs?
Can I find bed bugs on my own?
Will I see symptoms of bites?
Can I tell when I was Bitten?
Are there any serious effects from bed bug bites?
Will bed bugs travel with me?
What is a bed bug infestation?
Can I self treat for bed bugs?
What is a spot treatment?
K-9 Detection Questions
Can a dog find bed bugs?
What level of infestation can a canine find?
What are the handler's responsibilities?
How do you maintain a dogs training?
How is the dog directed during a bed bug inspection?
What is an alert?
How is the dog rewarded for an alert?
How does the dog alert?
What is a false alert?
How accurate are canine teams?
How is a canine's keen sense of smell maintained?
How many rooms can a canine check?
What is a hasty search?
Can a canine team inspect areas for spot treating?
Heat Treatment Questions
How does heat kill bed bugs and bed bug eggs?
Can I self heat?
Do I have to throw out furniture, clothing, books, etc.?
Can a heat treatment process be developed to remediate other Insects?
How is heat treatment monitored?
How about my laptop, electronics and appliances? Are they safe to heat?
What are the kill temperatures for bed bugs and viable eggs?
How about my fish tank?
Can I leave clothing in boxes, suite cases or stuffed in closets?
What do I do when I have too much content?
I cannot manage such a process by myself, is there help available?
Can I donate items removed from my home, business, and university in the D-Bug box?
Can I buy second hand furniture?
I bought something on eBay, can it be heat-treated?
Are you moving, and are you afraid of taking your personal belongings to another location with bed bugs?
D-Bug Box Questions
What is a D-bug Box?
I am moving to Pittsburgh and want my items heat-treated?
What are the sizes of the D-Bug Box?
I attend college and I am going home for the summer, do you have any programs for college and graduate students?
I'm traveling with my family and I'm concerned about bringing bed bugs home, can you help?
Can you treat cars, campers, trucks, cab-over sleepers, and aircraft?
I have an overseas container coming into Pittsburgh, can you certify it is bed bug free?
Partnering with local pest control companies and property managers, our focus is solely on bed bugs and their complete elimination from building structures and personal content..
B R Pro Services is the only company capable of providing both propane or electric Heat treatments for bed bugs in the tri state area
B R Pro Services is the only company with Hybrid Heat. A Content Management Program that can be a stand alone service or compliment a traditional chemical treatment
Thinking about adding structural heat treatments to your bed bug program or a content management program.
B R Pro Services has time tested proven solutions to enhance all of your bed bug programs.
Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on the blood of humans. Adult bed bugs look similar to an apple seed, approximately ¼ inch long, oval in shape, and are reddish-brown in color. Juvenile bed bugs ("nymphs") differ from adults in that they are often much smaller (1 millimeter) and may appear clear or tan in color. Bed bugs prefer to live in protected areas near to where people sleep or rest for periods of time, such as the seams of mattresses, behind headboards, or inside furniture.
Bed Bugs are hitchhikers. They travel in luggage, on clothing and inside furniture or other items that have been in an infested area. They are found in homes, apartments, dorm rooms, office buildings, hotels, motels, retails outlets, second hand stores, furniture rental stores, electronics rental, on trains, buses, taxis, personal cars, airplanes and many other places where people are at rest for a period of time. In high density housing facilities bed bugs will often infest surrounding units, in single-family homes it is also common for bed bugs to be found in living rooms as well as bedrooms and laundry areas.
Yes-Every stage of life, from eggs through adult is visible with the human eye. Using a flashlight and magnifying glasses will assist an inspection.
Bed bugs are most active at night, and due to their cryptic nature they are not often seen during the day. Bed bugs are nocturnal, lured from their harborage at night by the warmth of our bodies and carbon dioxide in your breath as we sleep. Because bed bugs are small and flat, they are able to squeeze into tiny cracks and crevices in the mattress and box spring, behind headboards, inside furniture, sometimes making them virtually undetectable. With the exception of seeing live or dead bed bugs, one common sign is the presence of dark ink-like stains on the mattress or bedding materials and on furniture itself. Cast skins that are shed from bed bugs during the molting process may also be found near to where they hide.
It is important to know and understand that while some people show symptoms resulting from bed bug bites, many will observe no symptoms at all. When a bed bug feeds, it injects saliva into its blood-meal host, that saliva contains several proteins, which can routinely cause an allergic response from most hosts. The severity and timing of those reactions depends on the bitten person’s immune response to the salivary allergens and they can vary greatly from one individual to another. Typical reactions to bed bug bites usually include some level of local reddening, minor swelling, inflammation and itching (which can be very intense, and can sometimes recur without another bed bug bite) at each bite site. A person being repeatedly bitten by bed bugs can be very uncomfortable, develop lots of reddish, itchy welts (at bite sites) and often have difficulty sleeping.
If a time line can be established. However, all people react differently to a bite. Reaction times also vary. It is possible for bites to not show up for days. People that are very transient in their work or leisure travelers may not be able to pin point when they got bit.
According to research, bed bugs have been found with 28 different human pathogens in their bodies. Research by doctors has shown that bed bugs have not transmit any human disease so far.
It’s unlikely that a bed bug would travel on you or the clothes you are wearing for any period of time. You move too much to be a good hiding place. Bed bugs are more likely to be spread via luggage, backpacks, briefcases, mattresses, and used furniture. it is common for bed bugs to drop from peoples clothing while walking in your home or in common space of apartment buildings.
What is a bed bug infestation?
Eggs, nymphs, and adults
Bed bugs can be as few as one to hundreds of adults laying eggs daily.
There are many over the counter products and companies on the Internet that market and promote bed bugs home treatment remedies. All are targeting the consumer and implying a full resolution to a bed bug problem. Most have some impact in some of the stages of the bed bug life cycle. Most include a bed bug repellent. A repellent keeps the bed bugs from feeding in an area sprayed but does not kill a bed bug. Self-treatments like commercial chemical treatments are applied in moderation, spot treatments. These programs are maintenance programs; they rely on multiple applications and are often incorporated with monthly pest control programs. These bundled treatment programs spread the cost of treatments over time and most importantly give the illusions that a bed bug remediation program is in place when in fact the problem is being maintained.
A spot treatment is just that. Identifying a selected area and treating that area only. Many canine companies will try to encourage spot treatments. Claiming their canine teams can identify all areas with bed bugs and promoting spot treatments. This is simple an over statement of their capacities. One single fertilized bed bug missed in such an activity means trouble. To rely on this process is careless.
Yes,. All man made or natural accruing materials, gases, solids or liquids have an individual unique scent. Compounds like gunpowder are a combination of scents. A carefully developed and administered program imprints a scent signature or profile with the canine. The scents of live bed bugs and viable bed bug eggs are the scent profiles of our canine ACE. The scent profile is reinforced daily. It is also challenged-proofing-by using distractors to validate that Ace has not added an additional scents to the profile. This can easily be done if canine teams are too busy to train or if canines are rewarded for a false alert. Example-Canine teams that work often are continually exposing the canine to environments, which likely have bed bugs. Canine teams working in the presence of live bed bugs, cast skins, fecal matter , dead bed bugs etc. must reinforce the target odors by proofing. If not a canine could add the cast skin, fecal matter and dead bed bugs to the scent profile. When this happens the canine can no longer be able to reliably differentiate between live bed bugs and dead bed bugs. Tape on training hides broadens the scent profile to include many adhesives. The disciplines of our canine program are on going, preformed daily with positive reinforcement, incentives and following the guide lines of The Scientific Working Group on Dog and Orthogonal Detector Guidelines (SWGDOG)
It depends. Ace is trained to small numbers of adult bed bugs-2-3 per training vial or pouch. Training aids with eggs and nymphs vary. This creates and maintains a low threshold concentration. The reason for this is to have a canine able to find small numbers of bed bugs and viable bed bug eggs. Generally when a large infestation is present. It is very easy to make a visible confirmation and even differentiate between live bed bugs and dead bed bugs. It is in fact entirely possible for an infestation to be so large that a canine will miss it.
"Dogs trained to respond to a target odder will react only if the target odor meets or surpasses a threshold concentration (Moulton 1972, Settles 2005)"
A canine can indicate around a large infestation if the threshold of the target odor is meet. This generally happins at a distance away for the origin of the scent.
The handler is responsible for maintaining a safe, clean environment for a canine to live, grow and operate.The canine handler is responsible for presenting all areas to be checked by the team and understand all reactions of the canine during the inspection.
Dailey training sessions provide learning opportunities for the canine team. The canine teams does many exercise to reinforce the sent profile. Exercises include proofing. That is making suer that additional scents,like dead bed bugs , cast skins, training vials, tape , etc., have not been added to the canine scent signature.
Areas that to be searched in the future are great training sessions. The more adjusted the team is with the venue it is searching. The more successful the search will be.
A canine scent profile must be reinforced and challenged daily. Training session must also include no bed bugs. These exercises combined with a single dedicated handler, a canine team can be very effective in searching and identifying areas that have live bed bugs and live viable bed bug eggs. Any deviation leads to false alerts, wasted efforts and poor return on your money.
How is the dog directed during an inspection?
If the environment is safe for Ace. In most cases Ace works off lead. That is without prompting or being lead around be a loosely held leash. A combination of hand and pointing gets him in the correct locations. Ace works both left to right and right to left. As an example-Searching a couch can be done with a simple pass in front and then Ace will get up head back and search the rear of the cushions and back. This is critical in pull out couches as the head and toe of the mattress folds under the back support area of the couch.
While a canine team is working-An alert is a characteristic change in on going behavior in a response to a target odor as interpreted by the handler. Every response by the canine should be confirmed that visible evidence of live bed bugs or viable eggs exists. When evidence is confirmed the canine is rewarded. A change in behavior followed by a positive indication that cannot be confirmed is considered a non-productive response-false alert.
The canine is never rewarded before visible evidence is found. Blind rewards lead to false alerts
Our dog is praise and reward driven.
Ace was trained by Iron Heart K-9 Academy. They are trainers of bomb, drug and bed bug dogs. All their dogs have the advanced skills of passive alert. That is they are trained to sit. This keeps the dog from contacting the surfaces, which contain the target scent.
A false alert is an acknowledgement by the canine of something other than the target odor, a miss read of the handler of the canine or a trigger by the handler that the canine response to.
A study done by The University of Florida in a controlled environment has shown that dogs have a 97.5% positive indication rate (correct indication of bed bugs when present).
The canine is not a silver bullet. Because the controls of the University study do not exist in everyday situations. Any claims that a canine team is 97% accurate outside of a controlled environment are simply fabricated and miss leading.
It is impossible to understand how accurate or inaccurate a canine team is in the field. Misses are just that misses. Quantifying that information is not possible therefor misleading if stated.
A canines’ scent profile must be reinforced and/or challenged daily.
Dogs have limits. An economy hotel room has an average of 100 lineal feet of searchable wall and furniture per room. An up scale suite hotel can have 150 to 300 lineal feet of searchable wall and furniture per room. Presenting any amount of space to a canine adds up quickly. 40 economy rooms equals .80 miles of lineal footage, 40 suites at 150 lineal feet per room equal 1.2 miles. In order to maintain a safe, health and fun e
A quick search of a defined area.
Claims of canine teams doing 150 hotel rooms per day, or 2.84 to 3.5 miles per day are unreasonable.
Most bed bug detection dogs are food rewarded. It possible to run a dog for 6-8 hours without feeding or snacking. These types of activities lead to false alerting. Dogs are smart. They can own a handler.
Can a canine team inspect areas for spot treating?
The answer is no. As discussed, only in a controlled environment can a canine have near perfect results. Relying on a canine team to positively identify every area with in a room that has bed bugs is not a professional service. Spot treating is a recipe for a continued growth of an already present intruder and is careless.
Heat is an all green and the achilles heel of all live stages of bed bugs. Typically a one-day treatment that strikes a single egg to an infestation without regard to the location, numbers, incubation time or chemical resistance of bed bugs.
Bed bugs and viable bed bug eggs do not have the ability to cool themselves. They must find harborage from the heat to survive. A proper heat treatment is the process of raising the internal temperatures of a dwelling to a desired temperate, holding that temperature with in a structure while maintaining an environment safe for your home and its contents but lethally for all stages of bed bugs and viable eggs.
You should not.
There are many safeties built into our equipment and many rules that apply to temporary heat and heaters. OSHA does not allow open flame torpedo heaters inside occupied builds. The City of Pittsburgh and many cities do not allow any open flame heaters in any situation.
Our equipment packages meet all requirements in Pittsburgh and the Tri-State area. Using both closed flame indirect or direct propane heater(s), electric heaters powered in house or by generator and having air movers that can move a combined 105,000 cubic feet or air per minute.
Heat treatments can be preformed ground level or in high rise. Every heat treat is designed to optimize our equipment and experience.
No-Typically furniture and personal belongings do not need to be discarded, in rare cases with high levels or concentrations of bed bugs, fecal matter staining is common and unsightly.
All insects have temperature death points, but their behavior during the heat treatment process will vary. Special programs are available at our fixed locations using heat treatment chambers.
Live bed bugs and viable Bed bug eggs are our only in the field targeted bug.
Every heat treatment is monitored live with remote wireless sensors. External and internal sensors are placed in the treatment area. These sensors send real time temperatures to a laptop. The sensors have many rolls. They are used to monitor the rate of temperature rise per hour during the initial start of the heat treatment. The sensors can show the ambient air temperatures. This allows for the maximum amount of heat to be placed into the structure without the possibility of over heating. Having the ability to raise and lower air temperatures and the airflow from our heating system enables complete control of the ambient temperature and structure pressurization. The internal and external sensors are placed in hard to heat areas and monitored. Only when the entire structure and the contents have been exposed to the desired kill temperatures for the required time is the heat treatment part of the job considered to be complete.
Bed bugs like warm areas to seek harborage and lay eggs. We have had great success heating electronics safely without any damage.
Any structure or a heat chamber will have sensors, externally and internally placed to give a real time indication of temperatures. A wireless network records temperatures, develops grafts and keeps a time line of every job.
These sensors are a summary only of the areas they are placed. Skilled technicians monitor the entire project and us the information from the sensors to guide the applied temperatures, volume of air and rate at which air is circulated with in the structure or heat chamber.
The kill temperatures are 113 degrees for 2 hours or 120 degrees for one hour. That means all sensors will reach and not fall below those temperatures for the given time.
Successful heat treatments have been accomplished without having to drain or move fish. Special developed Cooling cubes by B R Pro Services, insulating blankets and water temperature sensors are used to control water temperatures. Each case is individually evaluated.
A heat treatment team leader evaluates every heat treatment site. A successful heat treatment is a partnership between the dwelling occupant , Pest Control Company and B R Pro Services.
All the content of dwelling must be heated to the desired kill temperatures and held for the correct amount of time.
The content level of every dwelling will be identified. If it exceeds a normal amount, content will need to be removed from the property in order to have a heat treatment scheduled. The Content Management Remediation program is designed for this situation.We can help with homes, apartments, dorm rooms offices, and etc. that contained any amount of content.
It is B R Pro sole interest to assist Pest Control Companies to eliminate bed bugs and viable bed bug eggs in personal belonging, structures and vehicles. Content that is no longer wanted can have only two homes. It can be heat treated or taken directly to a landfill by an operator that is trustworthy. Any items placed at the curb on thrash day will lead to someone else’s night mere. Items placed in dumpster will be taken by dumpster divers.
Items that you wish to retain can be treated at our heat treatment centers. The D-Bug Box has been created to handle both items with bed bugs and items certified bed bug free. These mobile units are delivered to you residence, you then can load any items identified to help reduce the content load into the D-bug box, the D-bug Box is then picked up and delivered to our heat treatment center. The mobile box is place into the heat chamber heat, the contents of the box are unloaded and placed with in the heat chamber, the D-bug box and contents in the chamber are heated to the desired kill temperature and that temperature is held for the correct amount of time. After the heat treatment program is completed. The contents are placed back into the mobile storage container and shipped back to the location of your choice. Upon arrival,you will have bed bug free items returned in a bed bug free shipping container. You will also have the time to unload the content and place back into your home.
B R Pro Services has teamed with an Organizing specialist, Jill Yesko. Jill is founder and President of Discoverorganizing.com. Jill’s team can help identify items which you may not want, need, items which could be stored in a better manner, items that need to be taken to a land fill or items to be donated. They can also help move, load a D-bug Box and even help re-organize you entire home after the heat treatment process.
Yes, Once the contents removed in the D-bug box are heat-treated. The items can be shipped anywhere in the Pittsburgh area or Nationally utilizing or D-bug Box program
Yes-we strongly recommend purchasing certified bed bug free furniture. Only furniture heat treated can be certified bed bug free. You can have your furniture shipped to our treatment center. It can be heat treated and receive a certified bed bug free stamp. The item then can be picked up or we can ship it to you in our D-bug Box.
Items will be evaluated on an individual basis. An item can be sent directly to us. You may come to our treatment center, open and see if it is what you ordered and paid for. We can then heat treat the item and provide you with a certified bed bug free item.
There are a variety of sizes of D-bug boxes. You can however order as many as you need. They will be delivered, you can load them, they get shipped to our off site treatment center, treated, certified bed bug free and then shipped to you at your new home. This can be done in Pittsburgh or anywhere in the United States or Canada.
The D-bug Box is a mobile storage container which is used to transport personal belongings of almost any type from anywhere in the United States or Canada to our treatment center.
B R Pro Services has partnered with a regional and national mobile storage container business. The D-bug Box is delivered to your home, apartment or business. Filled by you or arrangements can be made for hired help. Picked up and delivered to a B R Pro treatment center, after the contents and the D-bug box have been properly heat-treated and certified bed bug free. The D-bug box and items can be shipped back to the original location or anywhere in the United States and Canada.
Give us a call. We can help make it happen.
5 x 7
Absolutely, our Home sweet home package-we can send a D-bug Box to you location. You can fill it, the D-bug box will picked up, heat-treated and stored for the summer; we will deliver it when you return. No need to worry about your items over the summer.
Just give us a call. We will send you an appropriate number of suite case covers for your suite cases. When you get off the plane, stick the suite cases in the plastic covers and tie the end closed. Drop of the suite cases at our treatment center. We will unpack, heat the contents and suit cases and certify everything bed bug free. You can then pick the items up and be sure no stowed a ways-bed bugs-made it home in you luggage.
Yes,. Most vehicles can be treated at our treatment center. A mobile crew will handle the larger campers, tour buses and aircraft.
Yes, our heat treatment center will handle any size shipping container, if the materials or container exceed our in house lifting abilities. Moving specialist can assists us in our process.